A Simple Guide to Different Kinds of Air Rifles

March 14 05:29 2019 Print This Article

Buying your first air gun can be a daunting process, especially when you come across the different types available. You may wonder, don’t they all do the same thing? In simple terms, they do, but it does matter whether you get a pneumatic or a CO2 rifle. Learning what separates the various kinds of air guns will make your purchasing process less taxing.

Precharged Pneumatic

Also called a PCP gun, this type relies on pressurised air to provide the force required to shoot projectiles. You have to pump air into a reservoir on the gun, and when you shoot, only part of it is used up. A rifle can take in up to 4,000 PSI, depending on the type. Scuba and hand pumps provide the necessary compressed air. A reason to consider PCP air guns for sale is that they are virtually noiseless and have almost negligible recoil. They are available in different models like single and multi-stroke pneumatic.

Spring Pistons

A majority of the air pistols on the market are spring powered because they are some of the easiest to use, not to mention affordable. This gun contains a spring mechanism that decompresses when you cock the gun. The force of the spring pushes a piston that causes the compressed air to move forward, propelling the pellet out of the muzzle. Spring-piston air rifles come in a variety of designs. The mechanism offers high accuracy and velocity, which is why they are preferred for hunting.


The gun can have a cartridge or air reservoir where CO2 is stored. How much pressure the CO2 releases inside the gun determines the internal pressure, which can sometimes shoot projectiles up to 700 ft/sec. The power of CO2 air guns is why they are suitable for hunting of small targets. Reloading a CO2 gun is simple because it doesn’t require many steps, which also makes it fast and quiet to use when hunting.


The variable shooting mechanism is one of the most popular you will encounter when looking to buy air guns. It consists of a pressure cylinder and a piston with air in between. Cocking the rifle compresses the air into the cylinder where it remains until you shoot. A variable air gun offers varied shooting power, depending on how you pump it. These types of air files are compact, lightweight and they don’t need a separate pumping tool.

The right choice of air gun will largely depend on the intended purpose, budget and shooting skills.


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